Copper coil (IUD)

What the packet says

What is the Copper coil (IUD)?

What's it made of?

Most copper coils are made of a T-shaped frame of polyethylene (plastic) and barium sulphate. Copper wire is wound around the vertical arm

How the Copper coil (IUD) works

The Copper coil (IUD) is a small, T-shaped plastic and copper device that is inserted into your womb by a doctor or nurse. It releases copper into your womb which prevents pregnancy by making the fluid in your cervix thicker (which makes it more difficult for sperm to enter the womb) and preventing the lining of your womb from thickening enough for an embryo to grow in it.

Copper coil (IUD) side effects

  • Womb Cramps
  • Vaginal Discharge
  • Tender Breasts
  • Back Pain
  • Spots or acne


  • During intercourse
  • Daily
  • Monthly
  • 1 - 3 Months
  • 1 - 3 Years
  • 3 - 5 Years
  • Permanent
  • Similar to

    Clinical effectiveness



    Contains hormones


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    How to get started with the copper coil

    Women ask us lots of questions about getting a contraceptive coil fitted – so we’re working on everything you ever wanted to know about the coil to help cover everything. If you want anything in particular covered, please contact us at In the meantime, we’ve summarised a few key points below:

    • To get a coil fitted you need to go to a GP surgery or sexual health clinic where some staff are trained to fit them. You can contact your GP and ask if they fit coils, or search for clinics that fit coils here.
    • The copper coil can be fitted at any time during your monthly period cycle, as long as you’re not pregnant (although you may prefer to get it fitted when you’re not on your period).
    • Your doctor or nurse will do some tests to make sure that you can have the coil – like making sure that you’re not pregnant and checking for infections or STIs.
    • During your coil fitting, a doctor or nurse will use a speculum (like when you have a smear test) to open up your vagina and then insert the coil through the cervix into the womb. Most women find this uncomfortable.
    • If coil insertion happens in the first seven days of your cycle, you’ll be protected against pregnancy straight away. If it’s fitted at any other time, you’ll need to use condoms or other contraception, for seven days afterwards.
    • You will normally go back for a check up 3-6 weeks after getting it fitted.

    How to stop using the copper coil

    • Your IUD coil can be removed at any time by a trained doctor or nurse. It’s simpler than having it fitted – they will use a  gently pull on the threads and the T shape folds up and it can be pulled out of the womb.
    • If you’re not having another coil put in and don’t want to get pregnant, you’ll need to make sure you don’t have sex seven days before you have it removed, or use condoms or another method.
    • Check out our survey results to see how long it took most women’s cycles to return to their definition of ‘normal’ after coil removal and read up about other after effects they’ve experienced.

    Things that can go wrong with an IUD

    • There’s a small risk of infection after IUD contraception has been fitted. This may occur when harmless bacteria normally found in vagina are pushed inside the womb. You’ll know it’s infected if you have unusual discharge, there’s a strong smell, or you develop a high temperature or chills.
    • Around 1 in 20 coils can fall out or be pushed out by the womb, this is most common in the first few weeks of getting it fitted, or during a period. If this happens, head to your doctor or nurse to get a check up.
    • If the coil doesn’t work and you get pregnant, there’s also a small increased risk of ectopic pregnancy – when the egg implants outside the womb, normally the fallopian tubes. However, the overall risk of ectopic pregnancy is less in women using a coil than in women using no contraception at all.
    • Very occasionally the threads get lost. This happens to about 1 in 100 women, and is more commonly caused by the threads being pulled up inside into the cervix. They may notice this when you go to have the coil removed, and sometimes the threads can reappear naturally.
    • Even more occasionally (1 in 1000 chance) the coil goes through the wall of the womb into the abdomen. This is called ‘perforation’ and it this happens, they can remove the coil via surgery.


    Copper coil (IUD)
    Switched to Paraguard (US version of the copper coil) in 2016 from Skyla. Had constant spotting/mood swings/ heightened...
    Copper coil (IUD)
    Insertion (no anaesthetic) was traumatic. Would recommend anaesthetic especially if you’ve never been pregnant. Ex...
    Copper coil (IUD)
    My periods became incredibly painful and lasted two weeks, and even though it’s non hormonal it did affect my hormones...
    Copper coil (IUD)
    No hormones. Good experience. More connected to my body and cycle.
    Copper coil (IUD)
    Minimal side effects. It’s the contraceptive I’ve ever used and I’ve tried them all. Feels more natural and in syn...
    Copper coil (IUD)
    I like being able to still have natural cycles whilst having a long-term very effective contraceptive that I don’t...