Period pains but no period? Here’s 10 reasons why

The answers to your period pain ... when you're not on your period

Have you ever had all the signs of a period – but no blood? It’s more than normal to experience period cramps when you’re not on your period, and there can be a 101 reasons as to why this is happening. 

It can be tough trying to decipher what the pains are and whether it’s something simple, like constipation, or serious like endometriosis. If you’re experiencing period symptoms but no period this could be your body trying to tell you something, so they’re important not to ignore.


Normally during the middle of your menstrual cycle, or roughly about 10-14 days before your period, ovulation occurs. Symptoms of ovulations can include mild cramping and can be sharp or dull, lasting anywhere between a few minutes to a few hours and typically occurs on just one one side of the abdomen. 


This is a long-term (chronic) condition in which tissue similar to your womb’s lining attach to other organs and begin to grow in other locations outside of the uterus and is, unfortunately, a very common condition. 

It can cause painful menstrual cramping both during the menstrual period and other times of the month and can cause cramps and pain in your lower back and stomach (just below your belly button)

It can also be triggered by sex and can mean that it makes it difficult for some women to get pregnant. 


Ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilised egg grows outside of the uterus and often grows in the fallopian tube. As the pregnancy grows it can cause the tube to burst, which can cause life-threatening internal bleeding. 

It can cause lower back pain, abdominal pain or pelvic pain (similar to cramping) – all of which are hard to tell if you’re experiencing an ectopic pregnancy or a normal one. However as the fetus grows more serious symptoms may start to develop, such as sudden and severe abdominal or pelvic pain, shoulder pain, fainting, etc at this point you should consult a Doctor.

Overactive Thyroid

 Your thyroid is a gland in your neck that regulates many of your body’s functions, including your metabolism and menstrual cycle and can even irregulate your cycle. Spotting and cramping may occur because the lining of your uterus has built up but hasn’t shed because you’re not ovulating. 

IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

This disorder is commonly associated with cramping as well as recurring abdominal pain or discomfort. What can feel like severe period pains might in fact be stomach cramps due to IBS.

If you haven’t previously been diagnosed with IBS, it’s worth a visit to the doctor to ensure you don’t have any intolerances.

Certain sex positions

Experiencing pain or cramps after sex is completely normal as some sex positions are slightly harder on the female organs and can cause a lot of discomfort. 


A common symptom of a urinay trapped infection is pelvic cramping. Other symptoms may include needing to wee more often and with a burning sensation as well as bleeding with urination. If you think your cramps may be the result of a UTI be sure to seek medical attention as if left can turn into a serious kidney infection. 

Polycystic Ovary System (PCOS)

PCOS is a condition in which a female has an excess of androgens (chemicals in the body that affect ovary function, hair growth, weight gain etc). PCOS can result in anovulatory cycles and regular spotting. It often causes cysts to grow on the ovaries, which if rupture can cause pelvic pain that feel very similar to period cramps. 

If you think your pelvic cramping is caused by PCOS, be sure to check in with your Doctor. ALthough there is no cure, birth control and other medications can help manage symptoms and get your periods more regulated.

Hormonal Birth Control 

Hormonal IUDs can have a part to play in miss periods, because one of the ways it prevents pregnancy is by thinning out the endometrial lining in your uterus, meaning there is nothing to come during the time of the month. They can result in super-light flows or spotting and you may feel period symptoms, like cramps and breast tenderness even without a heavy period. 


If you’ve missed your period, it doesn’t always mean you’re pregnant, in fact stress often has a big part to play in this. Even though you miss your period, you may still feel the side effects like cramps.

Work, relationships and more recently the Coronvirus pandemic are all big stress factors, however, sometimes you may not even be aware you’re stressed.

If you do think it’s stress causing a missed period then be sure to consult a Doctor. Yoga, exercise and medication can also help you back on track.

This guide was brought to you by The Lowdown. We are the world’s first contraception review platform, providing real-life experiences from thousands of reviews collected from our community of men and women.

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